How to integrate Quotations and Paraphrases

This is allowed, but you must make sure that your omission of certain words does not change the meaning of the sentence and that it is clear to the reader that you have omitted some material. All double quotation marks in the original source must be changed to single quotation marks. Each style guide has its own requirements for listing your reference sources, so make sure you follow the style guide you’re using to format your paper. For MLA formatting, you’ll prepare a Works Cited page, APA formatting requires a References page, and Chicago Style formatting will have either a References page or a Bibliography. On this page, list all of your sources in alphabetical order, along with the publishing information.

  • There are quite a number of ways that one can decide to use in developing an essay’s introduction, but there are some cases where the author will be forced starting an essay with a quotation.
  • It revolves around the idea that the cell is a “fundamental unit of life” .
  • A short direct quotation contains fewer than 40 words from the original source.
  • Therefore, it is important to look at each type in-depth to fully understand how to create Chicago Manual of Style block quotes.
  • Further in this article, we discuss each of these methods and give a few examples of quote introduction.

Introduce your quote – If your quote isn’t from a well-known figure, introduce the person you’re quoting. For example, cite their years in the industry or mention their contribution to the topic at hand. Emotion – You want your audience to connect with your topic, whether your goal is to inform, persuade or entertain them. A quote can be used to add authority, quote introduction words inspiration, or even humor. You also want your audience to connect with the premise of your essay or speech. Sharing a quote will make things more memorable for your intended audience and, hopefully, draw them in or teach them something new. If you’re considering incorporating a quote into your essay or speech, you’re about to make a wise decision.

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Take abbreviated notes; set the notes aside; then paraphrase from the notes a day or so later, or when you draft. In general, factual information contained in multiple standard reference works can usually be considered to be in the public domain. Even if you use your own words, if you obtained the information or ideas you are presenting from a source, you must document the source. When using sources in your papers, you can avoid plagiarism by knowing what must be documented.

Common introductory phrases include prepositional phrases, appositive phrases, participial phrases, infinitive phrases, and absolute phrases. This happens regularly in written dialogue and informative writing.

Rules for quotation marks around a single word

You can make these changes in any word processing software. It’s all about using your tools when it comes to how to block quote in Word Chicago style.

  • However, you also need to make sure your direct quotation is connected to the point or thesis of your essay.
  • You do not need to cite in your papers every conversation you have about the ideas or evidence.
  • Words used as words are usually set off by the use of italics or underlined to indicate italics.
  • You’ll present these quotes in a block of text set off from the rest of your paragraph.
  • Another modification is to omit certain words from a quotation to remove unnecessary phrasing.

This kind of quote has a significantly different set of formatting rules, but should also be used very sparingly because it takes up so much valuable space in your paper. Use quotation marks anytime you include someone else’s words in your own paper. This lets the reader know that you have borrowed from another writer. As long as you use quotation marks and cite the source where you got the material, you can use someone else’s ideas without plagiarizing. A short direct quotation contains fewer than 40 words from the original source. You must put a double set of “quotation marks” around any words that you use from your source, and the quoted material must be exactly the same as the original. Not putting quotation marks around a short quote is considered a form of plagiarism; the quotation marks allow you to attribute the exact phrasing, and not just the ideas, to your original source.

Use a subordinating phrase not a complete sentence that connects the quote to something youve said previously

When two or more people all contribute substantially to a piece, they normally list all their names as authors. But there are also occasions when someone gives help that does not rise to the level of co-authorship. If you work with a lab partner to set up an experiment, for instance, but run and analyze the results yourself, you should credit the lab partner in a footnote or by reference within your paper. Similarly, if you and a partner present a scene from a play, and you later write a paper using some of the insights you gained during production, you should credit the other actor. Facts that are generally accessible need not be cited to a particular source, but once you go up one level of detail on the information ladder, you probably need to cite the source . And note that commonly known facts found in a particular or unusual context should be cited, so that the reader knows how your argument may have been influenced by the context in which you found it.

This handout will help you decide when and how to quote like a pro. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014. If the character in the story did not say the words you’re quoting, then you can’t quote them.

Integrating Quotationsinto Sentences

The author argues that “subjecting non-smokers to toxic second-hand smoke is not only unfair, but a violation of their right to a safe environment” (p.##). The author states that “More than fifty percent of all marriages end in divorce” (p. ##).

  • This might include an expert opinion, study results, or statistics.
  • This is more than simply changing a couple of words in a sentence.
  • For a useful example of unauthorized code borrowing, see this page of the Princeton University website.
  • You should also use a block quote when your quoted passage contains more than one paragraph and any quoted material that requires special formatting, such as lists and lines of poetry.

Paraphrases and summaries work just like a direct quote, except that you don’t need to put quotation marks around them because you’re using your own words to restate ideas. However, you still need to cite the sources you used. A short quote is anything that is shorter than 4 typed lines. When you use a short quote, include it directly in your paragraph, along with your own words. To help the reader understand the quote and why you’re using it, write a full sentence that includes the quote, rather than just lifting a sentence from another work and putting it into your paper.

What is the rule for using commas to introduce a quote?

Brackets allow you to add or replace words, as long as you don’t change the meaning of the text. Introduce a long direct quote, then set it off in a block. A long quote is anything that’s longer than 4 typed lines. You’ll present these quotes in a block of text set off from the rest of your paragraph. Because the quote is set off in a block, you don’t need to put quotation marks around it.

  • The quotation will seem disconnected from your own thoughts and from the flow of your sentences.
  • Consider popularity – While you don’t want to be too obscure, you should also try to avoid anything that appears all over the internet.
  • Let’s look at some striking quotes worthy of inclusion in your next speech or essay.
  • For years, local residents have been disputing the plans to build a new highway right through the center of town (author’s last name, year, p. ##).

It will only diminish the authority of the quote and, ultimately, yourself. You don’t want your audience to tune out during your carefully selected quote.

Use a descriptive verb, followed by a comma to introduce a critic’s words

One of the best ways to let readers know more about your source is to use a signal phrase. Signal phrases help readers “move from your own words to the words quotation introduction of a source without feeling a jolt” . A writer uses signal phrases to avoid dropped quotations, smoothly leading the reader into the source’s ideas.

That would be an unauthorized reworking of the original you are citing. If a character didn’t die in the original story, you likewise can’t say that the character died.

When you quote two or more words verbatim, or even one word if it is used in a way that is unique to the source

You can email the site owner to let them know you were blocked. Please include what you were doing when this page came up and the Cloudflare Ray ID found at the bottom of this page. The last name of the author then the year of publication followed by the page number. For in-text citation, you need to have the last name of the author and the page number enclosed in a parenthesis.

quote introduction words

The secondary quote is therefore identified by double quotation marks (“”) while single quotation marks (‘’) are used for the quote you are interested in. This can only be complete when there is a parenthetical citation immediately after mentioning the author’s surname. To quote more than four typed lines of prose, use indentation rather than quotation marks. Set off the quoted prose by indenting ten spaces from the left margin of your text and double space the lines. Long quotations of prose are usually introduced by a sentence ending with a colon. Using a lot of direct quotes will take away from your own ideas. This can undermine your argument and make you lose credibility with your reader.